Tattoo Removals Cumbria
We are an established and highly reputable tattoo removal company in Cumbria.
Our success is down to our expertise and honest approach to tattoo removal.
Laser Lady has worked within the tattoo world for 15 years building an excellent understanding of the application of a tattoo as well as the removal.
Many clients only require their tattoo to be faded ready for the new design to go over the top; therefore laser treatment can be catered to the client’s personal and financial requirements.
We believe the process should not be time consuming or expensive.
The Science Of Tattoo Removals
Understanding how ink is held in the skin:
Tattoo particles are initially dispersed in the upper layer of the skin known as the Epidermis and upper levels of the Dermis. After 1 month the basement membrane is reforming and enclosed by collagen. From 3 months -40 years ink particles are found ONLY in Dermal fibroblasts, which supports the theory that fibroblasts are responsible for the life span of the
tattoo. Everyone will have different levels of this in their body.
Tattoo ink particles vary in size with black pigment granules being half the diameter of red and turquoise pigment granules. All ink particles range in diameter and density. In professional and amateur tattoo’s the depth of the pigment varies considerably, with a greater variability in size, shape and location, more often seen however in an amateur tattoo. Tattoo ink is made up of several different pigments of unknown purity. Amateur tattoo ink consists of simple Carbon particles originating from burnt wood, cotton, plastic or paper, or from a variety of other inks such as Indian ink, pen ink,
and vegetable matter. Fluorescent pigments can be added which cannot absorb the light from a laser which is needed in order to shatter the tattoo pigment for it’s removal.
Although it rarely occurs, red (mercury), yellow (cadmium), green (chromium) & blue (cobalt) tattoo pigments can cause localized allergic or photoallergic dermatitis and allergic reactions.
All these anomalies make the timescale for removal unpredictable.
Types Of Tattoo Removals And Their Complications
Mechanical tissue detruction (such as Salabration, Dermabrasion, Surgical excision, scratching). Chemical tissue distruction (caustic or tannic acid, Phenol solution). Thermal tissue destruction. (cigarettes, soldering iron, infrared and halogen lights emiting light wavelengths in excess of 900nm).
All these treatments risk scarring, infection and migration of the ink pigments during healing leaving remnants in areas that may not of previously had any tattoo.
Many items found on the internet will include one of these chemicals or a derivative of these and leave the skin with hypopigmented scarring (removal of normal skin pigment leaving silvery or white tattoo imprint).
Thermal burn from heat absorption occurs and may result in deep tissue scarring and the need for skin grafting which in itself can leave scars.
Lasers. There are several types of lasers, Argon, Pulsed lasers & Carbon dioxide.
All these lasers have been used in the past even in the NHS. All have their own thermal damaging properties on the surrounding skin and therefore have not been 100% reliable in the delivery of the correct light fluence for ink pigment destruction without damaging surrounding tissue.
Switched nanosecond Ruby, alexandrite and Nd:Yag lasers, increased blistering but continual fading of ink, hypopigmentation, scarring (but not in all cases). Effectively removes black, blue-black and some green.
Switched Alexandrite laser has proved itself to be efficient in the removal of black, blue &green pigment but poor results on red, increased hypopigmentation (skin lightening), overall a good machine in nanosecond pulses. This would probably make the ideal removal system but is too expensive for the general public to pay for in treatment prices.
Switched Nd:YAG 1064. Removes blue-black, black, less hypopigmentation problems & less thermal damage to collagen, not as effective on red and green pigments. With the addition of the 532 wavelength crystal it is also possible to remove some stubborn colours with minimal damage to the skin than other types of removal. Adverse effects are some small amounts of blistering, usually on colour & pinpoint bleeding; scarring is only a risk factor if, the client has any skin disorders, is taking medication which affects the blood or skin, picks any blisters or the operator does not use a suitable fluence level for the client.
At Laser Lady we have chosen to use the Nd:YAG 1064 and 532 laser system to keep removal at an affordable price with minimal risks of hypopigmentation (whitening of skin) & hyperpigmentation (darkening of skin).